If we for a while turn our gaze back to European 19th century history, we see in the very heart of Europe something called the shatter zone of empires. There the spheres of interest of all the great European powers cut into each other. That made this area into a geography dripping with blood. All the shattered nationalities were, by active agents and policies from the empires, pitted against each other. At the same time and by the same token, all grievances – and you had a lot of them – were used to prevent the small subdued nationalities to form a functional identity and find a common way to independence and peace.